Fungal Skin Infection is one of the most common types of Skin problem that many people experience at some point in their life. Most of the Fungal Skin Infections are curable but extremely annoying due to Itching. Fungal Skin Infection does not cause any severe health issues and it mainly occurs due to weaker immunity system. Fungi can live in the air, soil, water and plants. There are also some fungi living naturally in the human body. Not all fungi are harmful for human as there are some helpful fungi also existed. Fungal Infection diseases are occurred when a harmful fungi attack body due to ineffective immune power. There are various types of fungal skin infections diseases.
Symptoms of Fungal Skin Infection
The symptoms of a fungal skin infection are depending on the type but common symptoms include:
• Skin Redness
• Rashes on skin
• Blisters on affected area
• Peeling or cracking of skin
• Skin Irritation
• Stinging or burning sensation in the affected skin area
Risk Factors of Fungal Skin Infection
• Major risk factors of fungal skin infections include:
• Improper Personal Hygiene
• Weaker Immunity System
• Unhealthy Eating Habits
• Area with High Moisture and Humidity
• Warm Climate
• Obesity and Diabetes
Types of Fungal Skin Infection
Common types of fungal skin infection diseases are:
• Athlete’s Foot
Athlete’s foot is a common fungal infection affecting the foot. It is most commonly occur in warmer climates and during summer season. Athlete’s foot is commonly found in sportsmen and athletes because the fungus grows rapidly in warm, moist environments such as socks, shoes, sports equipment and locker rooms.
• Vaginal Yeast Infection
Vaginal Yeast Infection is occurred in women and caused by Candida albicans. Candida infections can also commonly cause fungal toenail infections and diaper rash. Vaginal Yeast infections should be treated quickly as the symptoms can become severe if not treated. An overgrowth of Candida affects the normal balance of the bacteria and yeast in the vagina. This imbalance of bacteria can be due to antibiotics, stress and hormone imbalances or poor eating habits. Symptoms include itching and swelling around the vagina, burning sensations or pain during urination or intercourse, redness and soreness on and surrounding the vagina.
• Jock Itch
Jock itch is another common fungal skin infection. Warm environment is suitable for the growth of fungi and found in moist areas of the body such as groin, buttocks and inner thigh. Jock itch is very common in summer season and in warm, humid areas. This is a contagious skin infection and can spread through direct contact with an infected person.
Ringworm is a most common skin infection which is caused by a fungus living on the dead tissues such as the skin, hair and nails. Ringworm is fungus which causes both jock itch and athlete’s foot and it is usually easy to notice because of its shape. Ringworm is highly contagious and it can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact. Ringworm fungus can also survive on objects, such as towels, clothes and brushes.
Diagnosis of Fungal Skin Infection
Fungal skin infections are easy to diagnose due to skin itching and burning sensation of skin. Common diagnosis methods are:
• Dermatologist can easily diagnose many skin infection problems based on the affected area, appearance, size and severity of infection.
• Doctor can also take skin sample to inspect under microscope for evidence of any fungus.
• For yeast infection, doctor also checks patient’s medical history such as any previous yeast infections or sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Doctor can also examine the vaginal walls and cervix to confirm a signs of infection by taking cells from the vagina for proper diagnosis.
Treatment of Fungal Skin Infection
Treatment of Fungal Skin Infection is mainly depending on the type of skin infection. The aim of treatment is to kill fungus and to avoid recurrence of skin infection. Common treatment options are:
• Topical Antifungal Ointments or Creams
• Oral Medication to kill fungus
• Supplements to Improve Immunity Power
Prevention of Fungal Skin Infection
• Prevention is always better than cure. Tips to avoid fungal skin infection are:
• Wearing Dry clothing to keep away moisture from skin.
• Keeping armpits, groin area and other areas that are risky to infection clean and dry.
• Always taking shower after coming home from outside.
• For overweight or obese people, properly dry skin folds.
• Wearing sandals or other footwear when it’s warm.
• Changing socks and innerwear regularly.
• Washing hands properly with disinfectants.
• Avoiding using other person’s products like comb, towel and cloths.
• Most fungal skin infections can be easily cured with medicines or anti fungal creams. A severe infection requires additional methods but precautions are very helpful to avoid any fungal skin infection. Timely treatment is also very essential to control fungal infection. Person suffering from any fungal skin infection should not hesitate visiting doctor. It is always beneficial to consult dermatologist at the first sign of infection to avoid possibly serious complications.